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Straight Line Depreciation: Formula and Calculator


what is straight line depreciation

Further, the equipment is expected to be used in the business for 10 years. At the end of the 10 years, the company expects to receive the salvage value of $30,000. In this example, the straight-line depreciation method results in each full accounting year reporting depreciation expense of $40,000 ($400,000 of depreciable cost divided by 10 years). If the asset is purchased in the middle of the accounting year, there will be $20,000 of depreciation expense in the first and the eleventh accounting years and $40,000 in each of the accounting years 2 through 10. When the three years have ended, $200 will represent the carrying value on the balance sheet. The depreciation expense will be finished for the straight line depreciation method and you can get rid of the asset.

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Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. The formula consists of dividing the difference between the initial CapEx amount and the anticipated salvage value at the end of its useful life by the total useful life assumption. Its scrap or salvage value of the asset—the price you think you can sell it for at the end of its useful life. With straight-line depreciation, you must assign a “salvage value” to the asset you are depreciating. The salvage value is how much you expect an asset to be worth after its “useful life”. Subtract the estimated salvage value of the asset from the amount at which it is recorded on the books.


He or she should also be well versed in recent changes to tax laws, including how depreciation deductions can be used in the current tax year. Consolidated Net Earnings means, for any period, the net income of Borrower for such period, as determined on a Consolidated basis and in accordance with GAAP.

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  • They have estimated the machine’s useful life to be eight years, with a salvage value of $ 2,000.
  • Small and large businesses widely use straight line depreciation for its simplicity, accuracy, and functionality, but other methods of calculating an asset’s depreciation value exist.
  • They are usually purchased and used in the same time frame, so companies place them in a separate budget category.
  • In addition to straight line depreciation, there are also other methods of calculating depreciation of an asset.
  • The straight-line method of depreciation is the most common method used to calculate depreciation expense.

Both conventions are used to expense an asset over a longer period of time, not just in the period it was purchased. In other words, companies can stretch the cost of assets over many different time frames, which lets them benefit from the asset without deducting the full cost from net income . For example, due to rapid https://www.bookstime.com/ technological advancements, a straight line depreciation method may not be suitable for an asset such as a computer. A computer would face larger depreciation expenses in its early useful life and smaller depreciation expenses in the later periods of its useful life, due to the quick obsolescence of older technology.

What Is Straight Line Depreciation, and Why Does It Matter?

The declining balance method is another way of calculating asset depreciation. This method calculates more depreciation what is straight line depreciation expenses in the beginning and uses a percentage of the book value of the asset instead of the initial cost.

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